Jurnal Kepakaran Negara Hukum

Vol. 1 / No. 1 - November 2010

Penulis: Marfuatul Latifah, S.H.I., Ll.M.

In 2009, Indonesia is a country with the highest level of corruption in Southeast Asia. It shows that eradication of corruption in Indonesia is less effective. Proof upside down, is expected to be one solution to increase the eradication of corruption. Evidence has been poured upside down in the Act No.31 of 1999. However, until now has not be applied as a system of evidence in solving criminal cases of corruption. This paper discusses the obstacles in the implementation of proof reversed in the completion of corruption.
Obstacles in the implementation of evidence found on the reverse inequality formulation of proof upside down in Act No. 31 of 1999. Proof inversely regulated without being accompanied by formal law regulating the implementation mechanism of proof is reversed. The importance of these mechanisms is that the arrangement of proof reversed a lex specialist of the Penal Code. In addition, law enforcement officials, not knowing the substance and how the application of proof upside down so that it also inhibits the implementation of proof reversed in the completion of corruption.

Penulis: Harris Yonatan Parmahan Sibuea, S.H., M.Kn.

The State control of the land does not mean that the State owns the land, but rather the State regulate land use through the development of which is directed to achieve prosperity for all citizens. Land acqusition for development is one way to increase prosperity for the people, but the available land is extremely limited. Government policies as legal foundation to acquire the land has not been effective and no longer appropriate to solve the problem for the implementation of land acquisition for development. These problems include the concept of public interest and the basic for calculating compensation in land acquisition process for development. The concept of public interest must clearly type that devoted to the interests of the people and the market value of land should be the basic for calculating damages in the process of land acquisition for development. It is time our country has a higher legal foundation for regulating the provision of land for development to improve people's welfare. The author recommends that these issues be taken into consideration in the process of the Draft Law on Land Acquisition for Development Interest

Penulis: Monika Suhayati, S.H., M.H.

The intelligence body is the foremost line in national security system by conducting early detection and early warning system in preventing and overcoming any threat to national security. The confidential character of the intelligence body equipped with special authority has made possible it becomes a subject of human right violation. However, the acknowledgement and protection of the human right have been regulated in our constitution and the human right law number 39 year 1999. This essay attempts to examine the complexion problems between the implementation of intelligence function to ensure the national security and the necessity of human right’s protection. In solving the problem, it is important to have the national intelligence law. The law must regulate the consideration of human right’s protection in the implementation of intelligence task and authority; in its profesional etic code and sworn; penalty sanction given in the event any violation; and the multilayered oversight to intelligence bodies.

Penulis: Luthvi Febryka Nola, S.H., M.Kn.

Cooperatives as a form of business entities need capital to run its business. This paper discussed about the issues and the legal aspect of capital, which was related in the act of cooperation No. 25/1992. The results of this study showed that the unclear about rules on reserve funds and the ineffectiveness of rules on bond. In addition there were problem related to the usage of the term “saving”, the distribution of reserve funds, the existence of grants and the lack of private sector role in order to promote the cooperatives effort. So, I recommended that the act of cooperatives should regulate clearly about the reserve fund. Also the abolishing rules regarding grants because it was in conflict with the principle of self-reliance in cooperative. Beside that, the involvement of private sector was highly needed to optimize the cooperatives through loans and equity capital.

Penulis: Shanti Dwi Kartika, S.H., M.Kn.

The Constitutional Court verdict Number 11-14-21-126-136/PUU-VII/ 2009, dated March 31st, 2010, related to judicial review of Law Number 9 in 2009 on Educational Legal Entity, granted the request of the applicant for the most part. One of the ruling of the Constitutional Court stated that Law Number 9 of 2009 on Educational Legal Entity contrary to the State Constitution of the Indonesia Republic 1945 and has no binding legal force. The Constitutional Court verdict brings implications on education in Indonesia. This essay analyzes the juridical implications of The Constitutional Court Verdict Number 11-14-21-126-136/PUU-VII/2009. Juridical implications of the verdict related to the existence of a legal vacuum (rechtvacuum) and the implementation levels of education. The juridical implications influence legislation governing the management and implementation of education, especially the education unit of governance. Therefore, it is necessary immediately to establish a law as a substitute for The Law of Educational Legal Entity and do a redesign for the conductor of the educational unit.

Penulis: Denico Doly, S.H., M.Kn.

Road infrastructure is one that must be constructed in Indonesia. Road construction requires huge capital. Government in order to build roads, make a joint venture with infrastructure financing institution. Financing institutions is one important institution in Indonesia. Financial institution regulated in Presidential Regulation No. 9 of 2009 on Financing Institutions. Juridical arrangements regarding financing institutions have been inadequate. This is because the arrangement of financing institutions are regulated in the presidential and ministerial decrees. The importance of these financial institutions need a clear arrangement and can also be a "legal foundation" in the regulation of financial institutions. This paper will analyze the legal aspects of infrastructure financing in Indonesia.

Penulis: Trias Palupi Kurnianingrum, S.H., M.H.

The economic globalization has influenced natural resources legislation. It happens because the basic values of neo economic-liberalism has slipped into the current of globalization, which causing the natural resources legislation can be cancelled by the constitutional court because is not incompatible with the spirit nationalism of our nation. This is what truly happended in Indonesia if an economic constitutional policy is controlled by the constitution of 1945, so the impact is our constitutional wont allow the market mechanism walking freely without a state interference. To overcome this situation, the constitution must collaborate with market mechanism.

Penulis: Prianter Jaya Hairi, S.H., LLM.

The robbery cases which being occurred in Indonesia currently are not just usual type such as house robbery with sharp weapon, but armed robbery with bank as target, jewelry stores, vehicle dealers, and pawnshop. There are many kind of robberies, each typology has a different approch how to overcome it. Therefore, to find a strategy which more responsif and accurate, demand a good comprehension concerning the typology of robbery. The purpose of this study is to find out about typology of robbery in Indonesia. This is a library research, which means more more deeply analyze secondary data collected. The data which being search is about general typologies of robbery as well as news and information concerning robbery cases that taken place in Indonesia. Based on the result of the research which had been done, researcher concluding that: First, Typologi Based on the Occasion, namely robbery based on the target and robbery based on the tactics of the execution all things occurred in Indonesia. Second, Typologi Based on the Offender, namely four general typologi of robbery (professional robbers, opportunist robbers, addict robbers, and alcoholic robbers), all types of the robbers are exist in Indonesia. From the investigation concerning robbery cases in Indonesia, researcher discover another classifications which is not exist in general typologies of robbery, namely: recidivist robbers type, amateur robbers type, aggravated robbers type, and impostor robbers type.

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